Yanuar Farida Wismayanti is currently a PhD candidate at Griffith University. Her research examines policy responses to child sexual abuse in Indonesia. She is a researcher at the Center for Research and Development of Social Welfare, Ministry of Social Affairs, Government of Indonesia. She has extensive experiences in the field of child protection in Indonesia, including previously being employed as a social worker in child protection.
What’s the problem of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) represented to be in Indonesia (Poster Presentation)
One-third of Indonesia’s 260 million people are under 18. Violence against children is a significant problem and half of the incidents are related to sexual abuse. The country’s a strong child protection policy agenda is often regarded as rhetorical. National policy is inconsistent with relevant laws, local policies, and services. Therefore, it is important to understand how CSA problems are represented in Indonesia’s child protection policy discourse.
This study adopts the approach of ‘What’s the Problem Represented to be’ (WPR) by Bacchi (2009). It employs a discourse analysis method to critically explore how CSA problems in Indonesia have been constructed and represented through texts in seven government documents (three Laws and four National Policies).
The analysis shows that there are three overarching problem representations of CSA in the seven government documents: 1) Children are fragile, weak and vulnerable; 2) the lack of access to integrated services for children, and 3) the disharmony between Laws and National Policies related to child protection. This study shows how the problematisation and inconsistency of CSA issues in Indonesia have placed children in a vulnerable position. This can result in discrimination, for example against children who are married as well as limit their access to justice, protection and services. There has been a tendency for reactive rather than preventive strategies on CSA.
This study concludes that child protection policy discourses play a crucial role in the construction and representation of CSA problems in Indonesia impacting on the way intervention and prevention are implemented.